Summer Pet Tips 101

    With summer approaching, we’re more likely to spend time outdoors with our pets. Whether it’s taking our dog with us camping in Tahoe or on a long walk at Newhall Park in Concord or even taking our indoor cats outside on the lawn for a roll in the grass, it’s important we be aware of what may harm our pets.

SUNBLOCK:
Dr. Jill Christofferson of Encina Veterinary Hospital recommends that pet owners apply sunblock on the ears, noses, etc of light colored pets (such as white cats/dogs) or pets with less than full fur (certain breeds of cats and dogs have little to no hair). Also, on the belly of dogs if they sunbathe belly-up. Should your pet suffer a sunburn, aloe vera or vitamin E may help to soothe it but a veterinarian will also be able to prescribe a mild pain-reliever to help with your pets’ discomfort.

HEATSTROKE:
Heatstroke in pets is all too common sadly. Leaving your pet in the car (even with the windows cracked), being left outside on a hot sunny day while you are away for hours with no water or shade or even just exercising on hot humid days (especially for brachycephalic breeds like Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, Boxers, Pugs, Boston Terrier or Pekingese) can all lead to heat stoke in your pet and even death. Here are some symptoms to keep an eye out for:
                           • Excessive drooling or panting
                           • 104-110 degree body temperature
                           • Twitching muscles
                           • Vomiting and/or bloody diarrhea
                           • Pale dry gums that are gray in color and tacky to the touch
                           • Staggering/stumbling when walking or inability to stand
                           • Wide-eyed look of distress or panic
                           • Difficulty breathing and increased heart rate
    Should your pet experience any of these symptoms, your first and best move is to seek emergency veterinary care. If you are unable to do so, here are some things you can do to help your pet cool off before getting them to the veterinary emergency hospital:
                    • Immerse your pet in cool water for about 2 minutes or hose/pour cool water on your pet.
                    • Wrap your pet in a damp, cool towel while traveling with him/her to the veterinary hospital.
                    • Get your pet to shade or an airconditioned area.
                    • NEVER use ice or freezing temperature water; this may lead to shock and cause further complications.
    Preventing heatstroke is quite easy. NEVER leave your pet locked in the car on a hot or even warm day; your car can and will become a death trap reaching temperatures well above 119 degrees. NEVER leave pets unattended outdoors with no access to shade or water; heatstroke can set in very easy and fast if your pet is already partially dehydrated. When walking your dog or exercising them, do it early in the morning before temperatures reach high levels or in the evening.

WARM WEATHER TOXINS: With everyone working hard to perfect their lawn and landscapes, a bottle of pesticides, fertilizer and other garden chemicals may be lurking. Be sure you properly close/seal all of these toxins and keep them away from your pets.

SWIMMING: As with children, never leave a pet unattended in the water; accidents and drownings happen in pets too and they need you to help keep them safe.

PARASITE, FLEA AND TICK PREVENTION: Talk to us about a year around parasite prevention program to help keep your pets, home and you, flea free. Trifexis is also offering up to a $20 rebate through August 31st, 2012 to help you get started.

TRAVEL: Secure your pet using a harness or crate when driving with your pet; though it is not a law in California, it’s better safe than sorry should you get into an accident. But it is against the law to have your pet loose in the bed of your truck; they MUST be restrained!

GROOMING: If your pet is elderly or has a long coat, consider taking him or her in to get shaved down for the summer; this will help them keep cooler as well as reduce the chance of debris (like fox tails) getting stuck in their fur (and eventually burrowing their way into your pet’s skin) since they may be spending more time outdoors.

FOXTAILS: We can never say this enough, fox tails are such a hazard! They’re everywhere and can be anywhere on your pet. Paws, ears, nose, belly and chest are common areas that fox tails get into. Abscesses, surgery, lung collapsing and punctured organs are just a few of the complications we see each year from fox tails penetrating a pet. Once a fox tail gets stuck in your pets fur, it burrows it’s way to the skin and eventually through the skin leading to an abscess which leads to further issues. One way to help protect against this is keep your pet groomed and make it a habit to brush/comb him or her each time they come inside from being outdoors. Another way is by investing in the Out Fox Field Guard (Did you know one of our very own clients designed and this?! We’re so proud!!) to help protect against fox tails in the ears, nose, eyes and face. And be sure to keep your yard trimmed and free of fox tails!

In the end, summer is a great time to enjoy the Bay Area of California outdoors with your family and pets. Keeping an eye out for these hazards will help ensure your family’s summer is full of fun and empty of harm.

Should your pet experience an emergency, don’t hesitate to call us because we are open 24 hours, 7 days a week – holidays and weekends included! (925) 937-5000

Update on Ice Bear, One Cool Cat

Excited to be home at last!

We received an update from Ice Bear’s parents, along with some recovery pictures, enjoy:

“He is doing extremely well. Stitches out, and now he gets to go outside. He doesn’t seem to wander much yet, just content to hang close. That’s fine by us.”

Dreaming of the days when he can go back outside...

Stitches out, stockingnette off!

Lazing in the grass at last (under supervision)!

A Foxtail Tale With a Happy Ending

Ice Bear Fashionably Recovering

You may recall a blog post from last month regarding foxtails, one of summer’s most common veterinary snafus. We recently had a peculiar case in which a foxtail ended up in a very unlikely place. Dr. Nurre recounts the tale of Ice Bear’s illness and recovery (warning, some of the pictures are graphic):

“We recently had a cat, Ice Bear, referred to our hospital with a week long history of not wanting to eat , slight cough, and being very lethargic.  His signs were vague and could have been caused by many different underlying medical conditions.  The referring veterinarian had done bloodwork and taken radiographs of the Ice Bear’s entire body.  There was a subtle abnormality seen radiographically in one of the cat’s lung lobes.

After I examined Ice Bear it was apparent that he was feeling very sick.  I recommended using ultrasound to visualize Ice Bear’s internal organs.  The owner consented.  First, we ultrasounded Ice Bear’s abdomen which looked normal.  Then we ultrasounded his chest.  Ultrasound evaluation of his heart looked normal.  No leaky heart valves, contractility [the ability of the heart to contract] appeared normal, and no evidence of heart chamber enlargement.

Around the heart and lungs I could see a large amount of fluid which was very abnormal.
Using ultrasound guidance I passed a needle into his chest (careful not to hit his heart or lungs) and extracted some of this fluid.  The fluid analysis confirmed it was pus.  Then the question was what caused the pus to build up in the chest?  With ultrasound I could see in the left caudal  lung lobe an unusual structure that resembled a foxtail.

The red arrow on the ultrasound image indicates the location of the foxtails within the lung

I discussed with the owner that if this was a foxtail we would need to remove it to give Ice Bear a chance to survive.  The surgery was risky, but our board-certified surgeon, Dr. Carl Koehler, did a great job.  He successfully removed the 2 foxtails and lung lobe, because it was so diseased, and flushed the pus from the chest.  Ice bear recovered well and went home  the following day eating and acting quite normal. ”

The Foxtails Embedded in the Lung

The Troublesome Pair of Foxtails Following Removal

Congratulations to Ice Bear on a successful recovery! If you suspect that your pet has inhaled a foxtail, or if you notice swollen lumps or bumps on your pet that popped up quickly, call us 24 hours a day at (925)937-5000.