Orthopedic Surgery is the specialty concerning the musculoskeletal system (muscles and bones). Encina Veterinary Hospital has 2 Board-Certified Orthopedic Surgeons, Dr. Carl Koehler and Dr. Kim Carlson, who have each had years of advanced training and experience in performing orthopedic procedures and surgery.
During an Orthopedic Exam, the surgeon will obtain a history, perform an orthopedic exam (detailed palpation of joints, bones, ligaments, range of motion, pain localization, etc.) and determine which diagnostic tests might be indicated. Often digital radiographs (x-rays), or the CT scanner are utilized to visualize bones, joints, and ligaments. A treatment plan will then be discussed with you. Often there are both surgical and non-surgical options, depending on the diagnosis.
Commonly seen orthopedic conditions include:
• Hip and elbow dysplasia
• Knee and hip replacements
• Bone fractures
• Ligament injuries
• Bone cysts and bone tumors
• Limb deformities
Commonly performed orthopedic surgeries and procedures include:
• Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO)
• Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO)
• Femoral Head Ostectomy (FHO)
• Fracture repairs