Elective Surgery

Here at Encina Veterinary Hospital, we offer the following elective surgical procedures:
– Spay/Ovariohysterectomy (OVH)
– Neuter


What is a Spay/Ovariohysterectomy (OVH)? A Spay/OVH is a procedure done on female animals to prevent them from reproducing. We place the pet under general anesthesia after blood work and an exam have been performed, and remove the reproductive organs of the pet (ovaries and uterus). This not only eliminates the risk of unwanted pregnancy, but it also reduces the risk of your pet getting certain cancers and infections.
In addition to a traditional spay (where a 2″-4″ incision is made in the abdomen), we also offer laproscopic spays. When a spay is done laparoscopically (a minimally invasive technique for viewing the internal structures of the abdomen), the procedure is performed through one to three small incisions in the abdomen (1/8” to 1/2” in length depending on the size of your pet). A laparoscope (camera) magnifies the internal structures of the abdomen on a monitor, allowing for greater precision and fewer complications. The magnified view of the ovarian ligament allows the doctor to carefully cut and cauterize it which helps eliminate the pain your pet would experience from a traditional spay.

What is a Neuter? Much like a spay, a neuter is the removal of reproductive organs (testes) in a male pet. Once your pet has been approved for anesthesia after a physical exam and blood work, they will be put under general anesthesia for the procedure. A neuter is often performed on pets around the age of six months (sometimes earlier) but can be done later in life too. Pets are typically neutered in order to eliminate the possibility of reproduction and hormone related behaviors like marking. Neutering your dog also reduces the risk of certain cancers and testicular and prostate issues that may arise later in life.


As with any surgical procedure, risks include anesthesia reaction, excessive bleeding, bruising and infection. Overall, the prognosis for a full recovery is excellent in healthy patients. 

Please give us a call at (925) 937-5000 to schedule an appointment for your pet